January 23 is a significant date in the collective conscience of Venezuelans. Sixty-six years ago, a civic-military movement -accumulation of oppositions- established democracy in Venezuela, by overthrowing the dictatorship of General Marcos Pérez Jiménez (1953-1958), which forced him to leave power and leave Venezuela for the Dominican Republic because it was governed by his friend Generalissimo Rafael Leonidas Trujillo. A Governing Board, chaired by Rear Admiral Wolfgang Larrazabal with a provisional cabinet composed of lawyers, businessmen and executives, was installed to administer the period of transition to democracy that culminated in free elections for the Presidency and Parliament in December 1958.
Last Friday, January 11 – the day after the act that turned Nicolás Maduro into usurper of the Presidency of Venezuela, when he was sworn in before the Supreme Court of Justice – Juan Guaidó, president of the National Assembly (AN), summoned “the Venezuelans to join a great national march on January 23, [because it is] a date of great symbolic value in the country because it is the day when the government of General Marcos Pérez Jiménez fell in 1958.”
That same day, Guaidó adhered to articles of the Constitution 233, 333 and 350 that establish that in the absolute absence of the President of the Republic, the president of the AN is in charge of the Presidency of Venezuela, and that every citizen, invested or not of authority, will have the duty to collaborate in the restoration of the effective validity of the Constitution.
Likewise, Guaidó established that the road map to restore the 1999 Constitution is: “The cessation of usurpation, a government of transition and free elections”, for which it has turned to the open councils to rebuild the trust between the leaders of the opposition and the majority that rejects Maduro.
The cabildo abierto was a format used at the time of the Colony that was key in the independence process of Spain. In the case of Venezuela, Vicente Emparam, the highest representative of the Spanish Crown, was dismissed by the Cabildo abierto de Caracas on April 19, 1810, when the people of Caracas did not know his authority to govern the country. This event marked the beginning of the independence process of Venezuela, and became a fundamental element of the collective unconscious of Venezuelans.
In the confrontation with Maduro, Guaidó has combined two important references for Venezuelans, such as: the independence of Venezuela with the open councils, and democracy with the celebration of January 23 throughout the country.
Heinz Dieterich, who accompanied Chávez in the implantation of socialism of the 21st century, pointed out in his recent article “Collapse Maduro’s socialist dystopia” that “the madurista clique has lost the strategic initiative in this last battle for Caracas and will not recover it again. , because it does not have the strength to resist.”
On the other hand, the weekly follow-up survey of Meganálisis (January 19-20) indicates that the trend (84.2%) has increased towards a transitional government that immediately replaces the Maduro government. In addition, it determines that 8 out of 10 Venezuelans believe that Guaidó should formally be sworn in as the interim president of the Republic, and start a transitional government with firm actions to get Maduro out of power.
An act [oath] expected by the international community despite the recognition of the AN as “the only legitimate democratic institution in Venezuela.” Because when assuming Guaidó the role and responsibilities of the Executive Branch on an interim basis, it allows aligning the structure of the transitional government and removing the usurper.
A week ago, the secretary general of the Organization of American States said the organization is ready to recognize Venezuelan ambassadors if an interim government led by the president of the AN, Juan Guaidó, designates them in a legal manner.
“If there was an appointment by the new interim president attached to the constitutional procedure and the National Assembly, we are ready to recognize” a new representative, said Luis Almagro during the conference offered at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in the capital of the United States. United.
This is just one example of the actions that will be derived once Guaidó is sworn in as interim president of Venezuela. Of course, Guaidó will have to have ready the appointment of the ambassadors to be approved by the AN in the same act of his oath. As well as the members of the provisional cabinet that could be integrated by the presidents or vice-presidents of the different commissions of the AN-it would make the political decision making more expeditious because it already has the consensus of the political parties.
Of course, Guaidó and his government will have to face the onslaught of Maduro and his followers. However, Dieterich maintains in his article that “Maduro is defeated”. He adds: “If Maduro and his clique were left with a bit of responsibility and patriotism, he would negotiate with the gringos and his Guaidó file on the Sandinista solution of 1989: transitional government, free elections and the replacement of the corrupt military leadership.”
Today, Guaidó has in his hands the decision to go down in history as the restorer of democracy in Venezuela. If he hesitates, he will be responsible for Maduro remaining in power.
On January 23, landmark for the future of Venezuela. What do you think? Let me know in the comments. I just hope for the best for our country.
Greetings to all!